- It is never wrong to do the right thing.. (Mark Twain)
- "Don't worry about anyone stealing your ideas. If they are any good at all, you'll have to shove them down everyone's throat!". (Howard Aiken)
When working with students, always use appropriate tools to check wether their theses or project work presents plagiarism issues:
In case of Plagiarism:
(a) Make a dossier on this, so that it is clear what happened and what didn't happen in terms of copying parts of a paper
(b) Don't let this get to your heart too much
(c) Depending on the outcome of a) — which should be done involving also a person not directly involved
in the situation (not affected by (b)) — talk witht the most senior author, as good first step.
(d) In case you are working with people with such low integrity, confront with them about the issues and stop working with them.
In any case I suggest to students to read the following article "Editorial: Do we need to teach ethics to PhD students?": https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/stvr.1659
Some references before making Plagiarism actions:
- "When submitting an article, authors shall disclose whether or not the article has been published previously or if it is still under active consideration by another publication.
In addition, if an author submits an article to a non-IEEE publication while that article is under review by IEEE, the author shall immediately notify IEEE about the additional submission."
- "IEEE defines plagiarism as the use of someone else’s prior ideas, processes, results, or words without explicitly acknowledging the original author and source. Plagiarism in any form is unacceptable and is considered a serious breach of professional conduct, with potentially severe ethical and legal consequences. Section 8.2.4.D provides detailed guidelines for a) handling allegations of plagiarism, b) applying appropriate corrective actions when findings of plagiarism have been reached, and c) referencing previously published material."
- "Except as indicated in IEEE Policies, Section 6.4 (Multiple Publication of Original Technical Material in IEEE Periodicals), authors should only submit original work that has neither appeared elsewhere for publication, nor which is under review for another publication. If authors have used their own previously published work(s) as a basis for a new submission, they are required to cite the previous work(s) and very briefly indicate how the new submission offers substantive novel contributions beyond those of the previously published work(s). Section 8.2.4.F provides guidelines for handling instances of inappropriate multiple submission and prior publication."
- "Paraphrasing can leave an author open to a charge of plagiarism if he or she has changed only a few words or phrases or has only rearranged the original sentence order. Even a proper paraphrasing of the original text can lead to a charge of plagiarism if the original source is not properly cited".
"(f) Plagiarism is unacceptable. The verbatim copying or reuse of one's own research) as indicated in paragraph "h" below) is considered another form of plagiarism or self-plagiarism; it is unacceptable".
"(h) Except as indicated in Section 6.3.4 (Multiple Publication of Original Technical Material in IEEE Periodicals), authors should only submit original work that has neither appeared elsewhere for publication, nor which is under review for another refereed publication. If authors have used their own previously published work(s) as a basis for a new submission, they are required to cite the previous work(s) and very briefly indicate how the new submission offers substantial novel contributions beyond those of the previously published work(s)".
"What qualifies as plagiarism?
Plagiarism is understood as the complete or partial imitation of the work of another author without citing that work’s source and author".
"It may be more narrowly defined as follows (see the contribution of Prof. Christian Schwarzenegger in unijournal, 4/2006):"
The author uses extracts from another author’s work without citing the source. This includes using material from the internet without citation.
The author takes extracts from another author’s work and changes (paraphrases) them slightly without citing the source.
The author translates texts or extracts from foreign-language documents and submits them as his/her own work without citing the source (translation plagiarism).
The author submits a paper in his/her name which he/she has actually commissioned another person (a «ghost writer») to write.
The author submits the work of another author in his/her own name (full plagiarism).
The author takes an extract from someone else’s work, paraphrases it and indeed cites the original author, but somewhere other than in the context of the extract (for example, the (in practice, plagiarised) source is hidden away in a footnote at the end of the paper).
"Occasionally, the derived paper is simply a retitled and reformatted version of the original one, but more frequently it is assembled from bits and pieces of previous work."